Non-oxide ceramics as a kind of high-temperature structural material are widely applied in high-temperature industries such as metallurgy and chemical industry, owing to their excellent performance. The service environment of oxidation coupled with stress accelerates the reduction of high temperature performance of non-oxide ceramics and ultimately reduces the service life, even causing industrial accidents. Therefore, it is of great importance to study the oxidation process of non-oxide ceramics under complex conditions. The establishment of an oxidation kinetic model is an effective way to grasp the actual service behavior of materials. This article compares the oxidation mechanism and corresponding kinetic models of non-oxide ceramics under stress-free and stress conditions. Through comparing and analyzing the application effects of different models, the effect of stress on the oxidation process of non-oxide ceramics is determined from the quantitative point and the oxidation kinetic models of non-oxide ceramics considering stress are preliminarily established, which can not only provide a scientific model for the further recognition of service behavior of non-oxide ceramics under complex conditions, but also provide effective theoretical guidance for improvement of the service life of materials.