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溜井储矿段矿岩散体运移轨迹及速度预测模型

马驰 路增祥 殷越 曹朋

马驰, 路增祥, 殷越, 曹朋. 溜井储矿段矿岩散体运移轨迹及速度预测模型[J]. 工程科学学报. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.03.31.002
引用本文: 马驰, 路增祥, 殷越, 曹朋. 溜井储矿段矿岩散体运移轨迹及速度预测模型[J]. 工程科学学报. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.03.31.002
MA Chi, LU Zeng-xiang, YIN Yue, CAO Peng. Prediction model for the migration trajectory and velocity of ore-rock dispersions in an orepass storage section[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.03.31.002
Citation: MA Chi, LU Zeng-xiang, YIN Yue, CAO Peng. Prediction model for the migration trajectory and velocity of ore-rock dispersions in an orepass storage section[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.03.31.002

溜井储矿段矿岩散体运移轨迹及速度预测模型

doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.03.31.002
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51774176)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:zengxiang_lu@sohu.com

  • 中图分类号: TD853

Prediction model for the migration trajectory and velocity of ore-rock dispersions in an orepass storage section

More Information
  • 摘要: 为准确预测溜井储矿段内矿岩散体运移状态,以放矿漏斗中心线与溜井中心线重合的溜井结构为研究对象,建立了溜井储矿段矿岩运移轨迹和速度预测模型。首先,根据筒仓卸载过程中颗粒运动特点和理想流体流动单元流动特点的相似性,分析储矿段内矿岩运移规律;其次,引用流动网络概念和Beverloo经验公式,建立了储矿段矿岩运移网络,分析了储矿段矿岩运动截面与矿岩运移速度的关系;最后,在一定的假设条件下,根据流线和等位面分布特征,建立了矿岩位移、运移轨迹和速度方程。研究结果表明:(1)矿岩进入储矿段后依次经过匀速区、变速区,分别进行匀速直线下向运动、变速曲线运动;(2)当放矿口倾角较小时存在平衡区,该区域下矿岩不发生位移,导致“空环效应”;(3)单位时间内放出矿岩质量和穿过同一等位面的矿岩质量相等。所建立的预测模型表明,匀速区内矿岩运移状态与储矿段和放矿口断面直径、矿岩粒径等有关,变速区内矿岩运移状态还与矿岩所处位置、放矿口倾角等有关。
  • 图  1  筒仓卸载过程中颗粒运动迹线(1—筒仓边界;2—放出口;3—颗粒运动迹线;4—卸料死区)

    Figure  1.  Particle movement trace during the silo unloading (1—the boundary of the silo; 2—ore draw hole; 3—particle movement trajectory; 4—discharge dead zone)

    图  2  直流管中理想流体流动特征(1—直流管边界; 2—放出口; 3—流动单元运动迹线)

    Figure  2.  Ideal fluid flow characteristics in a straight pipe (1—boundary of straight pipe; 2—ore draw hole; 3—movement trajectory of flow unit)

    图  3  流动网络(1—边界;2—流线;3—等位线)

    Figure  3.  Flow network (1—boundary; 2—streamline; 3—equipotential line)

    图  4  溜井储矿段矿岩运移规律(1—溜井储矿段边界;2—流线; 3—矿岩匀速运动区;4—矿岩变速运动区;5—平衡区)。(a)无平衡区时;(b)有平衡区时

    Figure  4.  Ore-rock migration law in the ore-storage section of orepass (1—boundary of ore-storage section in orepass; 2—streamline; 3—uniform velocity area of ore-rock motion; 4—variable speed area of ore-rock motion; 5—equilibrium area): (a) nonequilibrium area; (b) equilibrium area

    图  5  储矿段矿岩运移网络(1—边界;2—滑动边界;3—流线;4—等位面;5—分界等位面)

    Figure  5.  Ore-rock migration network in ore storage section (1—boundary; 2—sliding boundary; 3—streamline; 4—equipotential surface; 5—demarcation equipotential surface)

    图  6  匀速区内矿岩运移过程分析

    Figure  6.  Analysis of ore-rock moving in the uniform velocity zone

    图  7  变速区内矿岩运移过程分析(1—流线;2—等位面;3—滑动边界)

    Figure  7.  Migration process analysis of ore-rock in variable speed zone (1—streamline; 2—equipotential surface; 3—sliding boundary)

    图  8  储矿区内矿岩运移过程分析(1—流线;2—等位面;3—滑动边界)

    Figure  8.  Analysis on ore-rock moving in the storage section in ore pass (1—streamline; 2—equipotential surface; 3—sliding boundary)

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-03-31
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