将甲烷以低能耗的方式直接转化为甲醇等高附加值的化学品一直是可持续化工产业的重要目标和重大挑战。本文制备了三维（3D）ZnO/CdS/NiFe层状双金属氢氧化物（LDH）核/壳/分层纳米线阵列（NWAs）结构材料并将其用于室温、模拟阳光照射下甲烷的光电催化氧化。结果表明3D ZnO/CdS/NiFe-LDH具有优异的光电化学性能及催化活性，甲烷气氛下的光电流密度达到了6.57 mA cm-2（0.9 V vs. RHE），其催化甲烷生成甲醇及甲酸产量分别是纯ZnO的5.0以及6.3倍，两种主要产物的总法拉第效率达到54.87%。CdS 纳米颗粒（NPs）的沉积显著提升了复合物对可见光的吸收，促进了光生载流子的分离。而具有三维多孔结构的NiFe-LDH纳米片的引入改善了甲烷氧化表面反应动力学，起到了优异的助催化作用；并且有效抑制了O2?-的产生，防止O2?-进一步将甲醇及甲酸氧化为CO2，提高了甲醇及甲酸的选择性。最后，本文提出了三维ZnO/CdS/NiFe-LDH复合材料光电催化甲烷转化为甲醇及甲酸的机理，为甲烷低能耗转化为高价值化学品提供了新思路。
The direct conversion of methane into methanol and other high value-added chemicals with low energy consumption has always been an important goal and major challenge for the sustainable chemical industry. In this paper, a three-dimensional (3D) ZnO/CdS/NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH) shell/core/hierarchical nanowire arrays(NWAs) structure material was fabricated and utilized for photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of methane at room temperature under simulated sunlight. The results show that the ZnO/CdS/NiFe-LDH photoanode exhibits excellent photoelectrochemical performance and catalytic activity. The photocurrent density under methane atmosphere reaches 6.57 mA cm-2 at 0.9 V (vs. RHE); the yields of methane oxidation products, mainly methanol (CH3OH) and formic acid (HCOOH), catalysed by the synthesized ZnO/CdS/NiFe-LDH composite are 5.0 and 6.3 times those of pure ZnO, respectively. The total Faraday efficiency of the two main products reaches 54.87%. The deposition of CdS nanoparticles (NPs) significantly facilitates the absorption of visible light and promotes the separation of photo-generated carriers. The introduction of NiFe-LDH nanosheets with a three-dimensional porous structure improves the surface reaction kinetics of methane oxidation, acting as an excellent co-catalyst. It also effectively inhibits the production of O2?-, preventing O2?- from further oxidizing methanol and formic acid into CO2, which improves the selectivity of methanol and formic acid. At last, this paper proposes the mechanism of photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of methane to methanol and formic acid over 3D ZnO/CdS/NiFe-LDH composite material, which provides a new idea for the conversion of methane into high-value chemicals with low energy consumption.