In recent years, with the progress and development of science and technology, the research on artificial intelligence and wearable devices continues to deepen, and people increasingly find ways to provide more comfortable and comprehensive usage experience. Auditory and visual technologies have been fully developed and utilized, while as an emerging field, tactile sense is a research direction with great potential. As a kind of unique human sensory channel, tactile sense has unique advantages. It can convey the information about the maximum of joint human body physiological structure, such as hardness, texture, shape, size and temperature which can not be transmitted by visual and auditory sense. Besides, tactile sense has the property of being fast and accurate. As a result, it performs well in some special situations, such as supergravity scenario, high-speed rotating scenario or very noisy environment, etc. The design of vibrational tactile coding is an important way to develop tactile sense and achieve human-computer interaction better. However, haptic coding has many defects. It is used in narrow application scene and conveys unclear meaning. Compared with the mature development of vision and hearing, it is necessary to design the vibration haptic coding patterns further to overcome these defects. The research on information transmission of tactile sense is very meaningful. For example, it offers convenience for special crowd like blind people or workers engaged in blind education. It provides navigation service for blind people by changing the vibration frequency and vibration intensity of blind vest. When in situation where hearing is cut, vision disappears or fails, tactile sense is a considerate way for some special groups to provide timely and accurate information assistance. Besides, tactile sense can help express the plane flight information in virtue of combined vibration tactile coding. However, these research aimed at providing a set of specific coding for specific scenario, in which relatively vague information are conveyed, such as emotion, direction and so on. Based on these, designing a set of universal coding patterns for most usage scenarios to deliver exact and accessible information is very necessary. In this paper, the resolution of tactile vibration is discussed based on the mechanism of tactile vibration perception. According to the application of directional navigation and text interaction, the vibration information coding is summarized, and the experimental methods and conclusions of vibration information coding are introduced. Besides, the prospect of vibration information coding field is proposed.