Ice accretion on bare surface causes serious problem in industries and daily life such as communication, electricity and transportation. In order to solve this problem, icephobic surfaces are expected to be widely used. Icephobic surfaces can be divided into surfaces that prolong the freezing time and surfaces with low ice adhesion. Compared with anti-icing surfaces, deicing surfaces are more achievable, so this article mainly explore surfaces with low ice adhesion. The realization of low ice adhesion is mainly related to low surface energy, interface slippage and crack initiation. According to the realization mechanism, the low ice adhesion surfaces can be divided into low surface energy surfaces, lubricated surfaces, interfacial slippage and low shear modulus surfaces and the crack initiators surfaces. The design principles and mechanism of deicing surface are explored and summarized in this article. In addition, in order to eliminate the doubts about the large variations in reported ice adhesion strength caused by different measurement methods, the measurement standards of ice adhesion are also analysis and discussed.