With the rapid development of industrialization and human civilization, the soil polluted by heavy toxic lead is becoming much more serious at home and abroad, thus it is imperative to control the soil pollution by lead. In this paper, the background, status and harm of lead pollution soil are introduced, and the source, mode of occurrence and extraction method of lead from soil are detailed depicted. Based on the current soil remediation technology, three major methods, namely, physical, chemical and bioremediation have been systematically reviewed, and their advantages and disadvantages from the aspects of efficiency, applicability and economy are compared and evaluated, finding that the chemical remediation method is the most favorite for the remediation of heavy toxic lead contaminated soil. The chemical leaching and immobilization / stabilization methods are subsequently introduced in detail, and the remediation mechanism, effect, applicability and application prospect of different kinds of eluants and curing agents are discussed and evaluated. Finally, the prospect of cleaning and efficient remediation of heavy toxic lead contaminated soil is put forward. The restoration method should minimize the damage to the soil; for the heavy lead contaminated soil, the development of joint remediation technology is the potential development direction; the mechanism of soil remediation and directional remediation should be determined as far as possible; meanwhile, the research and development of multifunctional composite materials should be strengthened.