Ningxia Province is the major coal-producing province in Northwest China, which has made significant contributions to China’s economic development. However, the long-term mining of coal mines has also brought about a series of environmental problems such as surface collapse, water resources destruction, air pollution, and random stacking of waste coal gangue. It has become an important issue for the development of the coal industry to promote the coordinated development of coal mining and environmental protection and improving the overall level of green coal development. According to the current situation of coal mining in Ningxia Province, the technical problems that need to be solved urgently were summarized, such as the bottleneck of basic theory and technology, the im-perfect technical standards and norms of green development, the insufficient support of green development technology and equipment, and the lack of demonstration guidance and policy support. Based on the actual needs of the future development of the coal industry in Ningxia Province, this paper put forward the strategic thought, development blueprint, and strategic objectives of green development of Ningxia coal mines, and formed its overall strategic layout. On this basis, the technical paths for future green development of coal mine in Ningxia Province were put forward from various aspects, including water resources protection technology of coal mining, large-scale and low-cost treatment technology of mine water, surface ecological restoration technology of mining area, intelligent and green mining technology, and clean coal technology. Finally, suggestions for the green development of coal mines in Ningxia Province were put forward. Clear the concept and goal of green development, actively implement green mining, ecological environment and ecological civilization construction will be on a new stage, which is beneficial to achieve the high-quality sustainable development of coal industry in Ningxia Province.