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三轴应力下颗粒流失对断层破碎带凝灰岩渗流特征的影响

黄昌富 张帅龙 高永涛 吴顺川 周喻 孙浩 王文强 卢庆钊

黄昌富, 张帅龙, 高永涛, 吴顺川, 周喻, 孙浩, 王文强, 卢庆钊. 三轴应力下颗粒流失对断层破碎带凝灰岩渗流特征的影响[J]. 工程科学学报. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2021.11.22.001
引用本文: 黄昌富, 张帅龙, 高永涛, 吴顺川, 周喻, 孙浩, 王文强, 卢庆钊. 三轴应力下颗粒流失对断层破碎带凝灰岩渗流特征的影响[J]. 工程科学学报. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2021.11.22.001
HUANG Chang-fu, ZHANG Shuai-long, GAO Yong-tao, WU Shun-chuan, ZHOU Yu, SUN Hao, WANG Wen-qiang, LU Qing-zhao. Influence of particle loss on the seepage characteristics of tuff in the fault fracture zone under triaxial stress[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2021.11.22.001
Citation: HUANG Chang-fu, ZHANG Shuai-long, GAO Yong-tao, WU Shun-chuan, ZHOU Yu, SUN Hao, WANG Wen-qiang, LU Qing-zhao. Influence of particle loss on the seepage characteristics of tuff in the fault fracture zone under triaxial stress[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2021.11.22.001

三轴应力下颗粒流失对断层破碎带凝灰岩渗流特征的影响

doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2021.11.22.001
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(52004017);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(FRF-IDRY-20-024)
详细信息
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    E-mail: zsl18810915311@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TG142.71

Influence of particle loss on the seepage characteristics of tuff in the fault fracture zone under triaxial stress

More Information
  • 摘要: 地下工程施工过程中,处于三向应力状态的断层破碎带凝灰岩在流固耦合作用下发生颗粒流失,继而诱发断层带破碎岩石结构失稳,最终导致断层突水灾害发生。基于此,开展现场断层取样,利用破碎岩石三轴渗透试验系统,研究三轴荷载下不同粒径级配试样颗粒流失规律,进而分析颗粒流失对孔隙结构与渗流流速时变演化规律的影响。研究结果表明:(1)不同三轴应力下,破碎凝灰岩颗粒流失质量与时间满足指数型函数关系,两者间相关系数不低于94%。颗粒流失质量与轴压和围压成反比,且轴向位移越大,颗粒流失质量随围压减小的幅度越小;(2)渗透过程中0~60 s间的孔隙率增长较快,孔隙结构的渗流演变过程与粒径级配有关,随着n (Talbot幂指数) 值的增大,孔隙率整体增大,n值相同时,孔隙率随轴向位移与围压的增大而减小,且孔隙率量级为0.33~0.52;(3)由于试样内部颗粒规律性流失,破碎凝灰岩渗流流速时变演化过程可划分为“平稳渗流、渗流流速突增和近似管流”三个阶段,围压为0.8 MPa时各阶段流速整体大于围压为1.4 MPa时对应阶段的流速。平稳渗流阶段历时短,流速低,其发生次数随n值增加而减少;渗流流速突增阶段流速猛增达到峰值;近似管流阶段保持较高流速,虽然偶尔产生波动,但整体相对平稳。研究成果可为断层突水灾害演化规律研究提供理论依据。

     

  • 图  1  碧峰寺隧道F3断层破碎带

    Figure  1.  Bifeng temple tunnel F3 fault fracture zone

    图  2  断层破碎带凝灰岩试样X射线衍射结果. (a) D8 AdvanceX射线衍射仪; (b) 衍射强度图谱; (c)矿物成分含量

    Figure  2.  X-ray diffraction results of tuff samples from fault fracture zone: (a) D8 Advance X-ray diffractometer; (b) diffraction intensity map; (c) mineral content

    图  3  各粒径区间破碎凝灰岩试样

    Figure  3.  Fractured tuff samples in various particle size ranges

    图  4  破碎岩石三轴渗流试验系统及示意图. (a)实物图; (b)原理示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of triaxial permeability testing system for fractured rock: (a) physical map; (b) schematic diagram of principle

    图  5  三轴破碎凝灰岩渗流试验流程图

    Figure  5.  Triaxial broken tuff seepage experiment flow chart

    图  6  不同轴向位移下流失颗粒质量−时间拟合曲线. (a)轴向位移为3 mm; (b)轴向位移为6 mm; (c)轴向位移为9 mm; (d)轴向位移为12 mm

    Figure  6.  Lost particles mass–time fitting curve under different axial displacements: (a) axial displacement is 3 mm; (b) axial displacement is 6 mm; (c) axial displacement is 9 mm; (d) axial displacement is 12 mm

    图  7  不同围压下流失颗粒质量−时间拟合曲线. (a) 轴向位移为3 mm,围压为0.8 MPa; (b) 轴向位移为3 mm,围压为1.4 MPa; (c) 轴向位移为6 mm,围压为0.8 MPa; (d) 轴向位移为6 mm,围压为1.4 MPa

    Figure  7.  Lost particles mass–time fitting curve under different confining pressures: (a) axial displacement is 3 mm, confining pressure is 0.8 MPa; (b) axial displacement is 3 mm, confining pressure is 1.4 MPa; (c) axial displacement is 6 mm, confining pressure is 0.8 MPa; (d) axial displacement is 6 mm, confining pressure is 1.4 MPa

    图  8  流失颗粒质量与n值关系

    Figure  8.  Relationship between mass of lost particles and n value

    图  9  三轴应力下不同级配试样渗透过程中孔隙率−时间试验结果(图中AD指轴向位移,CP指围压). (a)n=0.2; (b)n=0.6

    Figure  9.  Porosity–time test results of specimens with different gradations during infiltration under triaxial stress (AD means axial displacement, CP means confining pressure): (a) n=0.2; (b) n=0.6

    图  10  渗透试验前后级配颗粒岩样宏−细观特征. (a)渗透试验前颗粒特征; (b) 渗透试验后颗粒特征

    Figure  10.  Macro-meso characteristics of granular rock samples before and after the permeation test: (a) particle characteristics before the penetration test; (b) particle characteristics after the penetration test.

    图  11  试验后不同n值级配试样各粒径区间质量变化(正值为增加,负值为减少)

    Figure  11.  The mass change of each particle size interval of samples with different n-value gradations after the test (+ indicates increased, − indicates decreased)

    图  12  三轴应力下破碎岩石渗透演化过程

    Figure  12.  Seepage evolution process of broken rock under triaxial stress

    图  13  不同n值级配试样渗透试验中流速−时间试验结果(图中AD指轴向位移, CP指围压). (a) n=0.2; (b) n=0.4; (c) n=0.6; (d) n=0.8

    Figure  13.  Flow velocity–time test results of different Talbot power exponent gradation samples in penetration test (AD means axial displacement, CP means confining pressure): (a) n=0.2; (b) n=0.4; (c) n=0.6; (d) n=0.8

    图  14  三轴渗透试验与F3断层突水演化过程

    Figure  14.  Triaxial permeability test and water inrush evolution process of F3 fault

    表  1  不同Talbot幂指数n值下的岩石颗粒质量

    Table  1.   Rock particle mass under different n

    Rock grain size/mmParticle mass/g
    n=0.2n=0.4n=0.6n=0.8
    0−0.25114.7654.8826.2412.55
    0.25−0.517.0717.5313.539.30
    0.5−119.6023.1420.5216.19
    1−222.5230.5231.0928.19
    2−534.9855.8266.9671.61
    5−1031.0758.1181.66102.16
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    郁邦永, 陈占清, 吴疆宇, 等. 饱和级配破碎泥岩压实与粒度分布分形特征试验研究. 岩土力学, 2016, 37(7):1887
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-11-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-14

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