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钨冶炼渣综合回收利用的研究进展

杨俊彦 齐申 刘海 王文科 黄景存 张建东 车小奎 宋波 王力军

杨俊彦, 齐申, 刘海, 王文科, 黄景存, 张建东, 车小奎, 宋波, 王力军. 钨冶炼渣综合回收利用的研究进展[J]. 工程科学学报, 2018, 40(12): 1468-1475. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2018.12.004
引用本文: 杨俊彦, 齐申, 刘海, 王文科, 黄景存, 张建东, 车小奎, 宋波, 王力军. 钨冶炼渣综合回收利用的研究进展[J]. 工程科学学报, 2018, 40(12): 1468-1475. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2018.12.004
YANG Jun-yan, QI Shen, LIU Hai, WANG Wen-ke, HUANG Jing-cun, ZHANG Jian-dong, CHE Xiao-kui, SONG Bo, WANG Li-jun. Progress of research related to the comprehensive recovery and utilization of tungsten smelting slag[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2018, 40(12): 1468-1475. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2018.12.004
Citation: YANG Jun-yan, QI Shen, LIU Hai, WANG Wen-ke, HUANG Jing-cun, ZHANG Jian-dong, CHE Xiao-kui, SONG Bo, WANG Li-jun. Progress of research related to the comprehensive recovery and utilization of tungsten smelting slag[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2018, 40(12): 1468-1475. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2018.12.004

钨冶炼渣综合回收利用的研究进展

doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2018.12.004
基金项目: 

国家科技部高技术研究发展计划资助项目(2013AA065703)

详细信息
  • 中图分类号: TF09

Progress of research related to the comprehensive recovery and utilization of tungsten smelting slag

  • 摘要: 综述了钨冶炼渣中有用金属回收利用现状与研究进展,介绍了黑钨和白钨的冶炼工艺、钨、锡、钽、铌、钪回收工艺与理论、钨冶炼渣的减量化处理研究进展.重选和浮选工艺可回收钨锡,得到钨锡精矿后再进行冶炼,选矿工艺流程简单易工业生产且成本低,但适应性较差,对于较细物料无法有效回收,湿法冶金工艺可回收钨、锡、钽、铌、钪,适应性强但流程复杂,酸碱废水对环境影响大;钨冶炼渣减量化是综合利用的根本要求,目前主要用来制做水泥辅料、建筑胶砂、多孔材料、微晶玻璃等,介绍了目前减量化处理的研究现状.最后提出了问题与建议,钪钽铌稀有金属提取工艺的进步依赖萃取剂和离子交换树脂的发展,可利用材料领域内第一性原理和化学配位理论,研发选择性强的萃取剂和交换容量大的离子交换树脂,解决萃取剂选择性差、离子交换树脂交换容量小、废水量大的问题,从原子层面研究出相互作用机理,最终筛选出高效萃取剂及离子交换树脂.指出选冶联合工艺,开发短流程绿色提取技术、冶炼渣高附加值材料研制技术可能是今后研究的重点.
  • [3] Medvedev A S, Aleksandrov P V, Razykov B Z, et al. Prospects for involvement of low-grade molybdenum and tungsten concentrates in metallurgical processing. Metallurgist, 2013, 57(3-4):261
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    [43] Choi Y W, Kim Y J, Choi O, et al. Utilization of tailings from tungsten mine waste as a substitution material for cement. Constr Build Mater, 2009, 23(7):2481
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-05

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