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粉末冶金在高熵材料中的应用

何春静 刘雄军 张盼 王辉 吴渊 蒋虽合 吕昭平

何春静, 刘雄军, 张盼, 王辉, 吴渊, 蒋虽合, 吕昭平. 粉末冶金在高熵材料中的应用[J]. 工程科学学报, 2019, 41(12): 1501-1511. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2019.07.04.035
引用本文: 何春静, 刘雄军, 张盼, 王辉, 吴渊, 蒋虽合, 吕昭平. 粉末冶金在高熵材料中的应用[J]. 工程科学学报, 2019, 41(12): 1501-1511. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2019.07.04.035
HE Chun-jing, LIU Xiong-jun, ZHANG Pan, WANG Hui, WU Yuan, JIANG Sui-he, LU Zhao-ping. Applications of powder metallurgy technology in high-entropy materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2019, 41(12): 1501-1511. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2019.07.04.035
Citation: HE Chun-jing, LIU Xiong-jun, ZHANG Pan, WANG Hui, WU Yuan, JIANG Sui-he, LU Zhao-ping. Applications of powder metallurgy technology in high-entropy materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2019, 41(12): 1501-1511. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2019.07.04.035

粉末冶金在高熵材料中的应用

doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2019.07.04.035
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(11790293,51671021,51971017)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:wanghui@ustb.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TG146.2

Applications of powder metallurgy technology in high-entropy materials

More Information
  • 摘要: 高熵材料是近年来出现的一种新型材料,具有高强度、高硬度、良好耐腐蚀和优异的高温组织稳定性等性能,在航空航天、高温以及先进核能等领域展现了广阔的应用前景,引起国际材料领域的广泛关注,相关研究也取得了很大进展。粉末冶金作为一种高性能金属基和陶瓷复合材料的先进制备技术,可以获得纳米晶和过饱和固溶体等亚稳材料,同时也可用于传统熔炼法较难制备的具有特殊结构和性能的材料,近些年来,粉末冶金技术在高熵材料制备中得到广泛应用。本文从高熵材料的应用理论出发,针对目前高熵材料粉体制备方法、块体成型以及粉末冶金制备的典型高熵材料三个方面予以综述,着重阐述了高熵材料的力学性能和其变形行为特点,同时展望了高熵材料的未来发展趋势。
  • 图  1  八元高熵合金纳米颗粒的能量色散X射线能谱元素分布图像[31]

    Figure  1.  Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) element distribution images of HEA nanoparticles comprising eight dissimilar elements[31]

    图  2  CrMnFeCoNi HEAs的拉伸曲线[25]

    Figure  2.  Tensile curves of CrMnFeCoNi HEAs[25]

    图  3  (a) CoCrFeNi 高熵合金 透射明场像;(b) 5%Y2O3‒CoCrFeNi 高熵合金透射明场像;(c) 5%Y2O3‒CoCrFeNi 高熵合金的扫描透射电子显微镜‒高角度环形暗场像;(d) 是沿着(c) 图的白色箭头的能量色散X射线能谱[55]

    Figure  3.  (a) TEM bright filed image of CoCrFeNi HEA; (b) TEM bright filed image of 5% Y2O3‒CoCrFeNi HEA; (c) high angle ring dark field image-scanning transmission electron microscope (HAADF-STEM) image of 5%Y2O3‒CoCrFeNi HEA after SPS; (d) EDX of the section along the white arrow drawn in Fig.4(c)[55]

    图  4  (a) 样品的拉伸曲线;(b) 试样断口的韧窝状形貌;(c)试样的光滑断口侧视图[16]

    Figure  4.  (a) Engineering stress–strain tensile curves; (b) fracture surface morphology showing ductile dimples in SPSed sample; (c) side view of the polished fracture surface of SPS sample with uncracked oxides present[16]

    图  5  高熵金属二硼化物原子结构示意图。这里M1、M2、M3、M4和M5分别代表五种不同的过渡金属(从Zr、Hf、Ti、Ta、Nb、W、Mo中选择)[75]

    Figure  5.  Schematic illustration of the atomic structure of high-entropy metal diborides. Here M1, M2, M3, M4, and M5 represent 5 different transition metals (selected from Zr, Hf, Ti, Ta, Nb, W, and Mo)[75]

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