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层状金属复合材料的发展历程及现状

张婷 许浩 李仲杰 董安平 邢辉 杜大帆 孙宝德

张婷, 许浩, 李仲杰, 董安平, 邢辉, 杜大帆, 孙宝德. 层状金属复合材料的发展历程及现状[J]. 工程科学学报, 2021, 43(1): 67-75. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.06.17.002
引用本文: 张婷, 许浩, 李仲杰, 董安平, 邢辉, 杜大帆, 孙宝德. 层状金属复合材料的发展历程及现状[J]. 工程科学学报, 2021, 43(1): 67-75. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.06.17.002
ZHANG Ting, XU Hao, LI Zhong-jie, DONG An-ping, XING Hui, DU Da-fan, SUN Bao-de. Development and present situation of laminated metal composites[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2021, 43(1): 67-75. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.06.17.002
Citation: ZHANG Ting, XU Hao, LI Zhong-jie, DONG An-ping, XING Hui, DU Da-fan, SUN Bao-de. Development and present situation of laminated metal composites[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2021, 43(1): 67-75. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.06.17.002

层状金属复合材料的发展历程及现状

doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2020.06.17.002
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51871152,U1760110,52071205,51821001)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:apdong@sjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TG142.71

Development and present situation of laminated metal composites

More Information
  • 摘要: 三十多年来,多种层状金属复合材料的制备方法应运而生,蓬勃发展,包括爆炸复合法、轧制复合法、热压扩散法和沉积复合法等。爆炸复合法在中厚板的制备上具有不可替代的优势,其产品广泛应用于军工、船舶、电力和化工等领域。轧制法可以批量生产大尺寸层压板,应用最为广泛,目前层压板已经广泛用于汽车、船舶和航空航天等领域。真空热压扩散法由于可以避免氧气等气体的污染,几年来在Ti/Al、Ti/TiAl和Ti6Al4V/TiAl层状复合材料的制备上备受关注。沉积复合法制备的层状金属复合材料在作为耐蚀、耐磨涂层,高强导线,人体植入材料方面表现出巨大的潜力。在综述层状金属复合材料发展历程的基础上,介绍了层状金属复合材料的制备方法及各自的优缺点,并对层状金属复合材料目前在国内外的研究现状进行了分析和介绍。
  • 图  1  ARB制备多层板材示意图[9]

    Figure  1.  Schematic of the preparation of multi-layer plate by ARB[9]

    图  2  DLD制备LMCs示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic of LMCs prepared by DLD

    图  3  可以通过CRB或ARB制备的双金属体系以及它们的晶体结构[18]

    Figure  3.  Chart of metals suitable for cold bonding by rolling and/or by applying pressure and ARB, according to lattice structure and hardness of metals[18]

    Note: The bcc, fcc, hcp, rho stand for body-centered cubic, face-centered cubic, close-packed hexagonal and rhombohedral respectively.

    图  4  Zn/Sn复合材料ARB制备过程中的SEM照片。(a)0循环(最初的三明治结构);(b)一个循环;(c)两个循;(d)三个循环;(e)四个循环;(f)五个循环;(g)六个循环;(h)七个循环[24]

    Figure  4.  SEM micrographs of ARB processed Zn/Sn composites after: (a) zero cycle (primary sandwich); (b) one cycle; (c) two cycles; (d) three cycles; (e) four cycles; (f) five cycles; (g) six cycles; (h) seven cycles[24]

    Note: ND and RD stand for normal direction and roll direction.

    图  5  解析模型预测结果[29]

    Figure  5.  Prediction results of analytical model[29]

    图  6  Al/Al层状材料有限元预测结果与实验结果对比[30]。(a)3道次之后的拉伸应力应变曲线;(b)、(d)实验过程中AA1050/AA6061 LMC 1道次、3道次拉伸试验拉伸断口光镜照片;(c)、(e)AA1050/AA6061 LMC 1道次、3道次拉伸试样模拟结果

    Note: εeng stands for engineering strain.

    Figure  6.  Comparison of finite element prediction results and experimental results of Al/Al LMCs[30]: (a) strain-stress curves obtained from tensile tests of 3-ARB processed composites; tensile fracture for (b) 3-ARB, and (d) 1-ARB AA1050/AA6061 observed by OM in the experiment; simulated in the tensile sample of (c) 3-ARB, and (e) 1-ARB AA1050/AA6061

    图  7  涂层腐蚀示意图。(a)层状复合涂层;(b)单种合金涂层腐蚀示意图[14]

    Figure  7.  Corrosion schematic diagram: (a) multilayer coatings; (b) monolayer coatings[14]

    图  8  SHM法制备的 Cu/Fe 层状材料[45]。(a)侧视图;(b)等轴侧视图[45]

    Figure  8.  Cu/Fe fabricated using the SHM technique[45]: (a) side view; (b) isometric view[45]

    表  1  不同层状材料ARB过程中组织和性能的变化

    Table  1.   Changes in structure and properties of different layered materials in the process of ARB

    Raw materialsThickness ratioFirst unstable materialFirst unstable passStrength variationReference
    Al/Sn0.77Sn2Decrease after 3 pass[28]
    Zn/Sn2.5Zn2Decrease after 3 pass[24]
    AA2219/AA50861AA50866Gradually increase[27]
    Al/Cu2.5Cu4Gradually increase[21]
    Cu/Zn/Al9:8:3Cu3Decrease after 5 pass[25]
    Al/Cu/Sn10:6:3Sn2Decrease after 3 pass[26]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  Ag/Cu层状复合材料的性能

    Table  2.   Properties of Ag/Cu LMCs

    MaterialYield Stress/
    MPa
    UTS/
    MPa
    Elongation/
    %
    Resistivity/
    (nΩ·m)
    Pure Ag18025±1
    Pure Cu1002805131±2
    ABRed Ag/Cu5506501632±2
    Note:UTS stands for ultimate tensile strength.
    下载: 导出CSV
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