吴俊杰, 候竣升, 马丽, 黄磊, 郝南京. 纳米流体电池热管理研究进展[J]. 工程科学学报. DOI: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2023.11.10.003
引用本文: 吴俊杰, 候竣升, 马丽, 黄磊, 郝南京. 纳米流体电池热管理研究进展[J]. 工程科学学报. DOI: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2023.11.10.003
Research progress on nanofluids for battery thermal management[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering. DOI: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2023.11.10.003
Citation: Research progress on nanofluids for battery thermal management[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering. DOI: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2023.11.10.003

纳米流体电池热管理研究进展

Research progress on nanofluids for battery thermal management

  • 摘要: 随着非化石能源的开发利用和各行业电气化程度的提高,各种电池的应用越来越广泛。与此同时,电池系统内能量密度的上升导致电池温度升高,进而影响电池系统的寿命和安全性。因而,亟待开发高效的热管理系统,以及时带走电池内的热量。近年来,多种新型热管理技术正在被广泛研究和应用。其中,具有显著效果、低廉成本和无额外能耗等优势的纳米流体强化换热技术备受关注。本文对纳米流体在电池热管理方面的研究进展进行系统综述,首先介绍常用的电池热管理技术,然后分析了纳米流体的分类和性能,并详细论述了纳米流体在锂电池、燃料电池和太阳能电池三类电池中的热管理应用研究现状。最后,本文讨论了纳米流体电池热管理技术面临的挑战,并提出了未来的发展方向。

     

    Abstract: As climate change worsens, it is becoming increasingly important to effectively harnessing and storing energy from non-fossil fuels in order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The increasing adoption of various rechargeable batteries is being driven by advancements in non-fossil energy and electrification in technological fields such as electric vehicles (EVs), photovoltaic thermal energy storage, and aerospace technology. However, the compact size of batteries leads to a significant increase in their internal energy density and temperature. Elevated heat flux and temperature not only limit battery performance but also reduce lifespan and pose safety risks to battery systems. The occurrence of thermal runaway under extreme conditions is a concern as it can result in battery combustion or even explosion. Consequently, the implementation of efficient battery thermal management systems (BTMS) is essential. In addition to traditional methods such as air cooling, phase

     

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